Platform

Swift support CocoaPods Compatible Carthage compatible Accio supported Swift Package Manager compatible

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CryptoSwift

Crypto related functions and helpers for Swift implemented in Swift. (#PureSwift)

Note: The master branch follows the latest currently released version of Swift. If you need an earlier version for an older version of Swift, you can specify its version in your Podfile or use the code on the branch for that version. Older branches are unsupported. Check versions for details.


Requirements Features Contribution Installation Swift versions How-to Author License Changelog

Sponsorship

If you (or your Company) use this work, please consider Sponsorship. This is the only option to keep the project alive, that is in your own best interrest.

CryptoSwift isn’t backed by a big company and is developer in my spare time that I also use to as a freelancer.

Requirements

Good mood

Features

Hash (Digest)

MD5 | SHA1 | SHA224 | SHA256 | SHA384 | SHA512 | SHA3

Cyclic Redundancy Check (CRC)

CRC32 | CRC32C | CRC16

Cipher

AES-128, AES-192, AES-256 | ChaCha20 | Rabbit | Blowfish

Message authenticators

Poly1305 | HMAC (MD5, SHA1, SHA256) | CMAC | CBC-MAC

Cipher mode of operation

Password-Based Key Derivation Function

Data padding

PKCS#5 | PKCS#7 | Zero padding | ISO78164 | No padding

Authenticated Encryption with Associated Data (AEAD)

Why

Why? Because I can.

How do I get involved?

You want to help, great! Go ahead and fork our repo, make your changes and send us a pull request.

Contribution

Check out CONTRIBUTING.md for more information on how to help with CryptoSwift.

Installation

To install CryptoSwift, add it as a submodule to your project (on the top level project directory):

git submodule add https://github.com/krzyzanowskim/CryptoSwift.git

It is recommended to enable Whole-Module Optimization to gain better performance. Non-optimized build results in significantly worse performance.

Embedded Framework

Embedded frameworks require a minimum deployment target of iOS 8 or OS X Mavericks (10.9). Drag the CryptoSwift.xcodeproj file into your Xcode project, and add appropriate framework as a dependency to your target. Now select your App and choose the General tab for the app target. Find Embedded Binaries and press “+”, then select CryptoSwift.framework (iOS, OS X, watchOS or tvOS)

Sometimes “embedded framework” option is not available. In that case, you have to add new build phase for the target

iOS, macOS, watchOS, tvOS

In the project, you’ll find single scheme for all platforms:

Swift versions support

CocoaPods

You can use CocoaPods.

pod 'CryptoSwift', '~> 1.0'

Bear in mind that CocoaPods will build CryptoSwift without Whole-Module Optimization that may impact performance. You can change it manually after installation, or use cocoapods-wholemodule plugin.

Carthage

You can use Carthage. Specify in Cartfile:

github "krzyzanowskim/CryptoSwift"

Run carthage to build the framework and drag the built CryptoSwift.framework into your Xcode project. Follow build instructions. Common issues.

Swift Package Manager

You can use Swift Package Manager and specify dependency in Package.swift by adding this:

.package(url: "https://github.com/krzyzanowskim/CryptoSwift.git", .upToNextMinor(from: "1.0"))

See: Package.swift - manual

Accio

You can use Accio. Specify in Package.swift:

.package(url: "https://github.com/krzyzanowskim/CryptoSwift.git", .upToNextMajor(from: "1.0")),

Then run accio update.


How-to

also check Playground

Basics
import CryptoSwift

CryptoSwift uses array of bytes aka Array<UInt8> as a base type for all operations. Every data may be converted to a stream of bytes. You will find convenience functions that accept String or Data, and it will be internally converted to the array of bytes.

Data types conversion

For your convenience, CryptoSwift provides two functions to easily convert an array of bytes to Data or Data to an array of bytes:

Data from bytes:

let data = Data( [0x01, 0x02, 0x03])

Data to Array<UInt8>

let bytes = data.bytes                     // [1,2,3]

Hexadecimal encoding:

let bytes = Array<UInt8>(hex: "0x010203")  // [1,2,3]
let hex   = bytes.toHexString()            // "010203"

Build bytes out of String

let bytes: Array<UInt8> = "cipherkey".bytes  // Array("cipherkey".utf8)

Also… check out helpers that work with Base64 encoded data:

"aPf/i9th9iX+vf49eR7PYk2q7S5xmm3jkRLejgzHNJs=".decryptBase64ToString(cipher)
"aPf/i9th9iX+vf49eR7PYk2q7S5xmm3jkRLejgzHNJs=".decryptBase64(cipher)
bytes.toBase64()
Calculate Digest

Hashing a data or array of bytes (aka Array<UInt8>)

/* Hash struct usage */
let bytes:Array<UInt8> = [0x01, 0x02, 0x03]
let digest = input.md5()
let digest = Digest.md5(bytes)
let data = Data( [0x01, 0x02, 0x03])

let hash = data.md5()
let hash = data.sha1()
let hash = data.sha224()
let hash = data.sha256()
let hash = data.sha384()
let hash = data.sha512()
do {
    var digest = MD5()
    let partial1 = try digest.update(withBytes: [0x31, 0x32])
    let partial2 = try digest.update(withBytes: [0x33])
    let result = try digest.finish()
} catch { }

Hashing a String and printing result

let hash = "123".md5() // "123".bytes.md5()
Calculate CRC
bytes.crc16()
data.crc16()

bytes.crc32()
data.crc32()
Message authenticators
// Calculate Message Authentication Code (MAC) for message
let key:Array<UInt8> = [1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9,10,...]

try Poly1305(key: key).authenticate(bytes)
try HMAC(key: key, variant: .sha256).authenticate(bytes)
try CMAC(key: key).authenticate(bytes)
Password-Based Key Derivation Functions
let password: Array<UInt8> = Array("s33krit".utf8)
let salt: Array<UInt8> = Array("nacllcan".utf8)

let key = try PKCS5.PBKDF2(password: password, salt: salt, iterations: 4096, keyLength: 32, variant: .sha256).calculate()
let password: Array<UInt8> = Array("s33krit".utf8)
let salt: Array<UInt8> = Array("nacllcan".utf8)
// Scrypt implementation does not implement work parallelization, so `p` parameter will
// increase the work time even in multicore systems
let key = try Scrypt(password: password, salt: salt, dkLen: 64, N: 16384, r: 8, p: 1).calculate()
HMAC-based Key Derivation Function
let password: Array<UInt8> = Array("s33krit".utf8)
let salt: Array<UInt8> = Array("nacllcan".utf8)

let key = try HKDF(password: password, salt: salt, variant: .sha256).calculate()
Data Padding

Some content-encryption algorithms assume the input length is a multiple of k octets, where k is greater than one. For such algorithms, the input shall be padded.

Padding.pkcs7.add(to: bytes, blockSize: AES.blockSize)

Working with Ciphers

ChaCha20
let encrypted = try ChaCha20(key: key, iv: iv).encrypt(message)
let decrypted = try ChaCha20(key: key, iv: iv).decrypt(encrypted)
Rabbit
let encrypted = try Rabbit(key: key, iv: iv).encrypt(message)
let decrypted = try Rabbit(key: key, iv: iv).decrypt(encrypted)
Blowfish
let encrypted = try Blowfish(key: key, blockMode: CBC(iv: iv), padding: .pkcs7).encrypt(message)
let decrypted = try Blowfish(key: key, blockMode: CBC(iv: iv), padding: .pkcs7).decrypt(encrypted)
AES

Notice regarding padding: Manual padding of data is optional, and CryptoSwift is using PKCS7 padding by default. If you need to manually disable/enable padding, you can do this by setting parameter for AES class

Variant of AES encryption (AES-128, AES-192, AES-256) depends on given key length:

AES-256 example

try AES(key: [1,2,3,...,32], blockMode: CBC(iv: [1,2,3,...,16]), padding: .pkcs7)
All at once
do {
    let aes = try AES(key: "keykeykeykeykeyk", iv: "drowssapdrowssap") // aes128
    let ciphertext = try aes.encrypt(Array("Nullam quis risus eget urna mollis ornare vel eu leo.".utf8))
} catch { }
Incremental updates

Incremental operations use instance of Cryptor and encrypt/decrypt one part at a time, this way you can save on memory for large files.

do {
    var encryptor = try AES(key: "keykeykeykeykeyk", iv: "drowssapdrowssap").makeEncryptor()

    var ciphertext = Array<UInt8>()
    // aggregate partial results
    ciphertext += try encryptor.update(withBytes: Array("Nullam quis risus ".utf8))
    ciphertext += try encryptor.update(withBytes: Array("eget urna mollis ".utf8))
    ciphertext += try encryptor.update(withBytes: Array("ornare vel eu leo.".utf8))
    // finish at the end
    ciphertext += try encryptor.finish()

    print(ciphertext.toHexString())
} catch {
    print(error)
}

See Playground for sample code that work with stream.

AES Advanced usage
let input: Array<UInt8> = [0,1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9]

let key: Array<UInt8> = [0x00,0x00,0x00,0x00,0x00,0x00,0x00,0x00,0x00,0x00,0x00,0x00,0x00,0x00,0x00,0x00]
let iv: Array<UInt8> = // Random bytes of `AES.blockSize` length

do {
    let encrypted = try AES(key: key, blockMode: CBC(iv: iv), padding: .pkcs7).encrypt(input)
    let decrypted = try AES(key: key, blockMode: CBC(iv: iv), padding: .pkcs7).decrypt(encrypted)
} catch {
    print(error)
}

AES without data padding

let input: Array<UInt8> = [0,1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9]
let encrypted: Array<UInt8> = try! AES(key: Array("secret0key000000".utf8), blockMode: CBC(iv: Array("0123456789012345".utf8)), padding: .noPadding).encrypt(input)

Using convenience extensions

let plain = Data( [0x01, 0x02, 0x03])
let encrypted = try! plain.encrypt(ChaCha20(key: key, iv: iv))
let decrypted = try! encrypted.decrypt(ChaCha20(key: key, iv: iv))
AES-GCM

The result of Galois/Counter Mode (GCM) encryption is ciphertext and authentication tag, that is later used to decryption.

encryption

do {
    // In combined mode, the authentication tag is directly appended to the encrypted message. This is usually what you want.
    let gcm = GCM(iv: iv, mode: .combined)
    let aes = try AES(key: key, blockMode: gcm, padding: .noPadding)
    let encrypted = try aes.encrypt(plaintext)
    let tag = gcm.authenticationTag
catch {
    // failed
}

decryption

do {
    // In combined mode, the authentication tag is appended to the encrypted message. This is usually what you want.
    let gcm = GCM(iv: iv, mode: .combined)
    let aes = try AES(key: key, blockMode: gcm, padding: .noPadding)
    return try aes.decrypt(encrypted)
} catch {
    // failed
}

Note: GCM instance is not intended to be reused. So you can’t use the same GCM instance from encoding to also perform decoding.

AES-CCM

The result of Counter with Cipher Block Chaining-Message Authentication Code encryption is ciphertext and authentication tag, that is later used to decryption.

do {
    // The authentication tag is appended to the encrypted message.
	let tagLength = 8
	let ccm = CCM(iv: iv, tagLength: tagLength, messageLength: ciphertext.count - tagLength, additionalAuthenticatedData: data)
    let aes = try AES(key: key, blockMode: ccm, padding: .noPadding)
    return try aes.decrypt(encrypted)
} catch {
    // failed
}

Check documentation or CCM specification for valid parameters for CCM.

AEAD
let encrypt = try AEADChaCha20Poly1305.encrypt(plaintext, key: key, iv: nonce, authenticationHeader: header)
let decrypt = try AEADChaCha20Poly1305.decrypt(ciphertext, key: key, iv: nonce, authenticationHeader: header, authenticationTag: tagArr: tag)

Author

CryptoSwift is owned and maintained by Marcin Krzyżanowski

You can follow me on Twitter at @krzyzanowskim for project updates and releases.

Cryptography Notice

This distribution includes cryptographic software. The country in which you currently reside may have restrictions on the import, possession, use, and/or re-export to another country, of encryption software. BEFORE using any encryption software, please check your country’s laws, regulations and policies concerning the import, possession, or use, and re-export of encryption software, to see if this is permitted. See http://www.wassenaar.org/ for more information.

License

Copyright (C) 2014-2017 Marcin Krzyżanowski marcin@krzyzanowskim.com This software is provided ‘as-is’, without any express or implied warranty.

In no event will the authors be held liable for any damages arising from the use of this software.

Permission is granted to anyone to use this software for any purpose, including commercial applications, and to alter it and redistribute it freely, subject to the following restrictions:

Changelog

See CHANGELOG file.